IoT- Internet of things
If you’ve not been living under a rock, chances are you’re already using at least a few IoT devices. The concept has been making a lot of noise in the IT field, but what is IoT really? Is it a passing trend? Can it save you time and money? And most importantly – is it secure enough to trust your private data?
What is Internet of Things?
IoT is the concept of connecting your device to the internet and/or other devices and users who collectively share usage data and the environment of use. Essentially, almost any electronic device can be included in the IoT concept. IoT is thus a giant network of analytical data that can issue commands on your device based on this data. It is what makes most of your devices “smart”.
How does IoT work?
A smart device has various sensors that provide input data from your device which shares this data over an Intern of Things network. Sensors can include anything from geolocation, proximity sensors, accelerometer, ambient light sensor, gyroscopic and a lot more. Multiple devices can be setup to utilize these inputs with users or other devices to perform certain tasks.
What’s IoT useful for?
With so much of data collected, predictions and optimizations are the essential key selling points of IoT. Devices can also make prevent problems even before they occur based on the data input from the singular device or others synchronized. This saves time, money and effort for users as well as other devices while reducing wear and tear from consecutive irrelevant use. Smarter devices can also help automate applications, thus removing the danger, boredom and effort required to pursue them.
Applications of IOT
In a futuristic world, where almost all devices have the power of IoT backing them up, your smartphone can understand your location and timing for work. It understands without your specific instructions that you slept late, and thus shifts your alarm for the next day accordingly. It also coordinates the weather and traffic predictions hours before your wakeup time for maximum efficiency to understand any changes to your route. It automatically orders your cab at home and also may initiate reheating your breakfast or order you some by the time you reach work!
In the commercial department, IoT can automatically understand which stocks are selling out and predict before they run out and order some more from your supply chain. It can make predictions for the most efficient pathway for commute and arrange for easy access based on where clients stand the most in a grocery store, thus maximizing sales. It can also issue a daily automated report on your statistics along with tips for improvement.
Thanks to science fiction and scare mongering, IoT has been associated with several dramatic situations where devices know a little too much about the user than they would be comfortable with. There are also privacy fears over collected data being hacked, intercepted or manipulated to crash an entire gridwork of automatic events or cause major damages to a business or user’s lifestyle.
Blockchain here may present another futuristic solution for an Internet of Things platform since it offers data integrity check. Records on blockchain cannot be altered without being known, thus they are essentially permanent. This ensures blockchain based network platforms can be very secure for IoT data.
The future of smart devices includes a giant network of data being shared and continuously shared with other devices and users to make smarter decisions. We are already seeing this work with smart cars such as the Tesla which shares traffic, route and automated driving data with the user and other cars as well. In a way, IoT teaches itself and becomes smarter every day, which is what makes it so valuable in the IT field for automation and efficiency.